In 1926, Muskegon Junior College was established as a college transfer institution but by 1951 had expanded its mission to include career training in retailing, the vocations, the technical fields, public health, and the trades. Soon renamed Muskegon Community College to reflect the wider mission, MCC now offers 54 associate degree programs and 42 certificate programs. The Science Center Addition to a late1960s base building houses six laboratories, a grow room with an indoor greenhouse serving biology classes, a cadaver lab for anatomy and physiology courses, an undergraduate research room for MCC faculty-student research projects, a student resource room for hands-on studies and tutoring, the lab manager’s office and two prep rooms, the Life Sciences Department Office, and additional storage and recycling spaces. The addition was designed by Kingscott & Associates and BMA Architects, and was built by Clark Construction Co. of Lansing, Michigan. Since the base building was completed, the number of student users has grown from 2,000 to 5,000.
LEED awards points for initiatives that reduce the carbon footprint related to the use of the automobile. There are two convenient public bus lines available to users of Muskegon Community College. The Science Center addition preserved more than 90% of the disturbed site and restored with natural landscaping. The site provides a high ratio of open space to provide habitat for vegetation and wildlife.
Storm water design for the site discharges no more water off the site than before the Science Center Addition was built. Additionally, the storm water management system limits disruption and pollution of natural water by a site design that promotes water infiltration (as opposed to run-off). The building has a white reflective roof and the hard surfaces adjacent to the building are light-colored concrete to reduce the heat island effect.
Indoor Water efficiency exceeds code requirements by over 30% through the use of low-flow faucets, and dual-flush water closets, and high-efficiency urinals. Outdoors, water is saved by the selection of drought-resistant, natural landscaping requiring no irrigation.
A heating system with geothermal supply wells, high-efficiency boilers, and LED lighting contribute to a 36% reduction in energy compared to a code-compliant building. Metering systems were installed to monitor the building energy consumption over time and inform corrective action.
Materials and Resources
More than 75% of the waste from the construction of the Science Center Addition was diverted to uses other than a landfill. Construction materials included 22% recycled content and 26% regional content (500-mile radius of the site).
Indoor Environmental Quality
To ensure a healthy environment for construction workers and future occupants, a comprehensive Indoor Air Quality Management Plan was executed to keep the jobsite and ductwork clean, prevent the opportunity for mold and mildew, and avoid the use of high-VOC construction materials. In addition, low-VOC adhesives, sealants, paints, flooring systems, and wood agrifiber products were used throughout the space.
Controllability of Systems, Lighting and Thermal Comfort
A sophisticated level of lighting system control by individual occupants or groups has been provided along with a variety of options for lighting each space, depending upon function. Additionally, each room has individual thermal controls that can be adjusted by the occupants.
Innovation & Design
All lighting for the Science Center Addition is LED, which does not contain mercury. The project is being used to educate students, staff and the public on sustainability and the LEED certification program. Muskegon Community College has implemented a green cleaning program for all buildings, including the Science Center.
The project is expected to earn LEED certification in 2016.
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